Parent and Educator Resources to help Facilitate Preschool Learning, Oral Language, and Early Literacy

The free toolkit below details communication skills that parents should expect to see in their child by age, and tips for how to support children’s development through daily reading.

The toolkit was developed by the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) and Read Aloud 15 MINUTES. Download each handout by age below. All handouts are available in English and Spanish.

Note about communication development: Children develop at their own pace. These flyers show the average ages when most children have developed these skills. Your child might not have all skills until the end of the age range.

Click on these excellent guides for information on how your child is developing, and for suggestions on ways to improve your child's skills.

Birth–3 Months

English PDF

Spanish PDF

4–6 Months

English PDF

Spanish PDF

7–12 Months

English PDF

Spanish PDF

1–2 Years

English PDF

Spanish PDF

2–3 Years

English PDF

Spanish PDF

3–4 Years

English PDF

Spanish PDF

4–5 Years

English PDF

Spanish PDF